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Central America is a region in the Americas that is bordered by Mexico to the north and Colombia to the south. To the east of the region, you will find the Caribbean Sea and to the west, it's the Pacific Ocean.
In total, 7 countries comprise Central America; Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama and the total population of the region is around 44.5 million.
Due to Central America's close proximity to several active geologic faults as well as the Central America Volcanic Arc, the region is geologically speaking quite active, with frequent volcanic eruptions and earthquakes.
Before the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492, the region was populated by indigenous peoples of the Mesoamerica and Isthmo-Colombia but as Spain began to colonise the Americas from 1609, the majority of Central America came under the control of the viceroyalty of New Spain which was administered from Mexico City. The region became independent from the Spanish Empire with the signing of the Treaty of Córdoba on 24 August 1821.
Although the seven countries identified above are completely independent of each other, the people of several of them still, albeit unofficially, consider themselves to be part of the now-dissolved Federal Republic of Central America.