Although commonly referred to simply as New York, New York City (NYC) to distinguish it from the state within which it is located, which is also called New York, is the home to the largest city population in the United States of America with, as of 2020, a population of around 8.8 million. It covers some 300 square miles and sits at the centre of the largest metropolitan area in the world. As it is also one of the world’s most populous cities, it is also sometimes described as the cultural, financial land media capital of the world. It is also home to the headquarters of the United Nations.
New York City’s geographic location puts it on the site of one of the world’s largest natural harbours and is the premier gateway for immigration into the United States of America. It is made up of five boroughs, Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island and these are inhabited by one of the most diverse populations in the world, with over 3.2 million residents being born outside the United States. Between them, the people of New York City speak over 800 different languages.
New York City also has a huge gross metropolitan product (GMP) at almost $1.8 trillion. If New York City was a country, it would have the 8th largest economy in the world. It is also home to the second highest number of billionaires in the world.
New York City began life as a trading post at the tip of Manhattan Island in around 1624 where Dutch settlers created a settlement they called New Amsterdam in 1626. This was officially recognised as a city when it received its charter in 1653. Although the name changed a couple of times after this, the city has been called New York continuously since 1674 and was the capital of the United States between 1785 and 1790.
The modern city of New York is home to lots of different major landmarks, including the Statue of Liberty, the Empire State Building and Times Square and was voted the greatest city in the world in 2019 following a survey of over 30,000 people from 48 cities around the world.