Sydney is the capital city of the state of New South Wales in Australia and is also the most populous city in the country with almost 5.5 million people calling it home. It is located on the eastern coast of the country and extends about 70 kilometres from the ocean, westwards, towards the Blue Mountains.
Known as the Emerald City, or the Harbour City, Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs and 33 local government areas and the area where it is located has been inhabited for at least 30,000 years with plenty of Aboriginal engravings still in existence as proof of the long history of its indigenous populations.
It wasn’t until 1770 that the first Europeans would think about settling the eastern region of Australia, when Lieutenant James Cook and his crew made landfall at Botany Bay. Less than 20 years later, the first fleet of convicts arrived by ship from Great Britain and the first British penal colony in Australia was established, becoming the first European settlement in Australia.
After the Second World War, Australia experienced mass migration leading to it becoming one of the most multicultural countries in the world and a large number of them headed for Sydney and its surrounding areas.
Sydney is one of the most expensive cities in the world to live in but is also regularly ranked as one of the most liveable cities in the world and is ranked 11th in the world in terms of economic opportunity with a strong market economy, especially in the areas of finance, manufacturing and tourism.
Sydney is one of the top 15 visited cities in the world and has hosted major international sporting events, including the 2000 Summer Olympic Games. Millions of people head for Sydney every year to visit its landmarks, nature reserves and parks, with notable highlights including Sydney Harbour, Sydney Opera House and the Royal National Park.